Fundamentals of Computer – MCQ Set 1

(Multiple Choice Question with Solution)
1.                 Abacus was the first
A) electronic computer
B) mechanical computer
C) electronic calculator
D) mechanical calculator
2.                  If in a computer, 16 bits are used to specify address in a RAM, the number of addresses will be
A) 216
B) 65,536
C) 64K
D) Any of the above
3.                 Instructions and memory address are represented by
A) Character code
B) Binary codes
C) Binary word
D) Parity bit
4.                 People often call ______ as the brain of computer system
A) Control Unit
B) Arithmetic Logic Unit
C) Central Processing Unit
D) Storage Unit
5.                 Which is used for manufacturing chips?
A) Bus
B) Control unit
C) Semiconductors
D) A and b only
6.                  The value of each bead in heaven is
A) 1
B) 3
C) 5
D) 7
7.                 The first computer introduced in Nepal was
A) IBM 1400
B) IBM 1401
C) IBM 1402
D) IBM1402
8.                 Mnemonic a memory trick is used in which of the following language?
A) Machine language
B) Assembly language
C) High level language
D) None of above
9.                  Which generation of computer is still under development
A) Fourth Generation
B) Fifth Generation
C) Sixth Generation
D) Seventh Generation
10.             Which was the most popular first generation computer?
A) IBM 1650
B) IBM 360
C) IBM 1130
D) IBM 2700
11.            Which is considered a direct entry input device?
A) Optical scanner
B) Mouse and digitizer
C) Light pen
D) All of the above
12.            A set of information that defines the status of resources allocated to a process is
A) Process control
B) ALU
C) Register Unit
D) Process description
13.            Each set of Napier’s bones consisted of ______ rods.
A) 5
B) 9
C) 11
D) 13
14.            BCD is
A) Binary Coded Decimal
B) Bit Coded Decimal
C) Binary Coded Digit
D) Bit Coded Digit
15.            When was the world’s first laptop computer introduced in the market and by whom?
A) Hewlett-Packard, 1980
B) Epson, 1981
C) Laplink Traveling Software Inc, 1982
D) Tandy Model-200, 1985
16.            From which generation operating systems were developed?
A) First
B) Second
C) Third
D) Fourth
17.            The first firm to mass-market a microcomputer as a personal computer was
A) IBM
B) Super UNIVAC
C) Radio Shaks
D) Data General Corporation
18.            Properly arranged data is called
A) Field
B) Words
C) Information
D) File
19.             A computer consists of
A) A central processing unit
B) A memory
C) Input and output unit
D) All of the above
20.            Why are vacuum tubes also called valves?
A) Because they can amplify the weak signals and make them strong
B) Because they can stop or allow the flow of current
C) Both of above
D) None of above
21.            John Napier invented Logarithm in
A) 1614
B) 1617
C) 1620
D) None of above
22.            An integrated circuit is
A) A complicated circuit
B) An integrating device
C) Much costlier than a single transistor
D) Fabricated on a tiny silicon chip
23.            What type of control pins are needed in a microprocessor to regulate traffic on the bus, in order to prevent two devices from trying to use it at the same time?
A) Bus control
B) Interrupts
C) Bus arbitration
D) Status
24.            Where as a computer mouse moves over the table surface, the trackball is
A) Stationary
B) Difficult to move
C) Dragged
D) Moved in small steps
25.            Which of the following is used as a primary storage device?
A) Magnetic drum
B) Hard Disks
C) Floppy
D) All of above

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